Food Science and Technology

ISSN-print: 2073-8684
ISSN-online: 2409-7004
ISO: 26324-2012



DOI: 10.15673/fst.v12i1.839 (eng)

  • S. Bondar
  • O. Chabanova Oksana
  • T. SSharakhmatova
  • A. Trubnikova

Abstract | Full Text: Removing lactose from buttermilk and other dairy products is a topical problem, as there is a significant increase in morbidity rates due to lactose intolerance. In many cases, milk and dairy products containing lactose can not be completely excluded from the diet. These products have a number of valuable components. There are several ways to remove lactose from milk or other dairy products. They are based on separation methods of processing and on the use of enzymes. Among the separation methods, membrane treatment, including diafiltration, is of particular importance. A technique of engineering calculation of cleaning an ultrafiltration buttermilk concentrate is suggested. As a solvent that reduces the concentration of lactose, a nanofiltrate permeate of buttermilk ultrafiltration is used. This method allows preserving the chemical composition of the concentrate with lactose effectively removed. Basing on the experimental data of membrane productivity and their selectivity for lactose, the main characteristics of diafiltration are calculated for various practical applications. For practical purposes, it is advisable to use a buttermilk permeate nanofiltrate using highly selective lactose membranes. Selectivity for salts should be minimal. When comparing the different diafiltration variants, the most suitable is a periodic method, with continuous dilution, and a continuous method with a crossflow and reverse flow of the nanofiltrate. The smallest аmount of a nanofiltrate is observed in the case of a continuous countercurrent. The time for diafiltration treatment depends on the membrane’s specific parameters, process operating parameters, and the selected lactose purification variant. The most cost-effective is the continuous variant with a countercurrent nanofiltrate. However, it can not be recommended because of the considerable duration of the process. The suggested technique for calculating diafiltration allows quick evaluation of possible options of purifying the product from lactose, and concludes which one is optimal.


  • buttermilk
  • lactose
  • diafiltration
  • , nanofiltration
  • , buttermilk concentrate
  • nanofiltration membranes
  • ultrafiltration membranes