Food Science and Technology

ISSN-print: 2073-8684
ISSN-online: 2409-7004
ISO: 26324-2012

Article

BASIC INGREDIENTS AND THEIR ANALYSIS DURING THE FORMATION OF BEER QUALITY

DOI: 10.15673/fst.v12i1.844 (eng)


  • N. Penkina
  • L. Tatar
  • А. Оdаrchеnco
  • V. Demchenko

Abstract | Full Text: The analysis and comparative description are carried out of varieties of brewing barley light malt and type 90 hops from domestic and foreign producers, as the main plant raw material that forms the quality of beer. The quality indexes of malt samples and hop pellets have been tested for compliance with applicable standards.The obtained results indicate that the varieties of barley malt are homogeneous grain mass, do not contain moldy and damaged grains, weed impurities, have a color from light yellow to gray to yellow. Ten samples of malt of various grades for beer production have been studied in terms of mass fraction of moisture (3.2–3.7%), mass fraction of extract in dry matter of fine malt (82.4–87.5%), degree (0 9–1.2%), the mass fraction of protein substances in dry matter of malt (9.1–10.1%), the Kolbach index (39.1–40.2%), the amount of nitrogenous substances (0.70–0, 74%). It has been established that the quantitative content of β-glucans significantly differs in different varieties: the minimum amount is contained in the malt Château Wien, the maximum is Pilsner Weyermann and Munich.According to the research results, it has been established that barley malt varieties have a pronounced malt aroma and sufficient fermentative activity and can serve as the base in the mash in the production of beer. It is proved that malt samples have an acceptable amount of toxic substances and radionuclides that will not affect the quality of the finished product. In assessing the quality of varieties of hop pellets by organoleptic indicators, the mass fraction of moisture and α-acids, it is established that the samples have the values of the indicators within the permissible limits. The samples have a cylindrical shape of different hues and approximately the same size; pure hop aroma, without an off-aroma; the color on the surface and at the boundary of the pellets meets the requirements of the standard. The mass fraction of α-acids is in the range from 3.0 to 12.7 %. It is revealed that bitter and aromatic hops are used for pellet production. The samples Magnym and Hallertau Perle are classified as bitter varieties. Hop pellets of the varieties Premiant and Sladek are bitter and aromatic.According to the results of the determination of quality indicators, the following ones have been identified as the best: malt – Munich, Pilsner, Carabohemian, hop pellets – Bramling Cross, Mandarina Bavaria and Magnym. The proposed varieties of malt and hops allow obtaining beer with high organoleptic characteristics, colloidal stability and expand the range of the industry by creating new varieties to meet the needs of the consumer.

Keywords:

  • beer
  • malt barley
  • hops
  • brewer’s yeas
  • quality indicators